With today's economy still barely climbing out of its late-'80s doldrums, the so-called budget-bike market has enjoyed a relatively healthy existence. People looking for the most capability for the least amount of money in a new motorcycle have been drawn to bikes such as Kawasaki's EX500, which could probably lay claim to being the harbinger of this now increasingly popular class. A sprightly performer wrapped up in an economical, easy-to-live-with package, the EX struck a chord with the frugal-minded buying public. However, the other manufacturers have since jumped on the bandwagon, and after many years of heading the list of best buys, the EX500's position has dropped a notch or two.
The '94 EX500 takes a large...
The '94 EX500 takes a large step forward in chassis performance, largely due to the updated front end. Yesteryear's 16-inch hoop grew an inch in diameter and mimics the ZX-11 wheel's spoke design; the new fork has 1mm-larger tubes and features recalibrated damping rates, but preload and damping adjustments are still absent.
Rather than start with a fresh sheet of paper, Kawasaki decided to keep the proven basic formula and revise the supporting ingredients. You don't want to mess with success, and coming up with a brand-new bike that could match the EX's sensible appeal could prove to be a difficult proposition. So, by raiding the parts bins of some of the EX's more upscale brethren, along with adding some upgraded chassis pieces and swoopier bodywork, Kawasaki created an EX500 with a sporting attitude serious enough to warrant the addition of the Ninja label.
The EX500's liquid-cooled, eight-valve, double-overhead-cam twin engine hasn't really changed much since its inception (with the exception of a digital electronic ignition replacing the previous analog version), but then again, it doesn't really need to. With a quarter-mile time of 12.98 seconds at 99.0 mph and a 118-mph top speed, the Ninja 500 clearly has the most bang for the buck of any bike in its class. The engine is a willing revver, with a generous amount of midrange grunt and an even more surprising top-end rush that belies its "entry-level" status. Even with this type of power, the 498cc mill can be coaxed out of 50 miles per gallon under a mellow throttle hand.
Kawasaki's venerable 498cc...
Kawasaki's venerable 498cc parallel twin holds some interesting technical advantages over machines in its price range like the Suzuki GS500E, such as four-valve heads, a counterbalancer and liquid cooling. The 500 Ninja offers a six-speed tranny with second and third gears back-cut at the factory, a positive neutral finder from first gear and all-new digital electronic ignition.
The Ninja 500's chassis, however, received a thorough going-over for this year. Wider 17-inch rims replace the skinny 16-inch hoops of the original EX, and the 37mm Kayaba front fork boasts 1mm larger stanchion tubes than last year's. The brakes were also upgraded, with a new twin-piston caliper grabbing a 280mm disc up front, and a disc setup replacing the previous drum components in back. A redesigned swingarm, pirated from the European market KLE500 (Kawasaki's Paris-Dakar replica), supplants the original's somewhat wimpy-looking stocker.
The original EX500's bodywork was deep-sixed in favor of a nicely redesigned front fairing that offers slightly more wind protection, along with a headlight sourced from the ZX-6 that projects a much better beam at night than its forerunner. The rear tail section and side covers were also carefully reshaped, with turn signals, taillight and mirrors courtesy of a ZX-7 completing the picture.
The relatively tall handlebar...
The relatively tall handlebar risers result in a sporty but comfortable riding position, where the rider is leaned slightly into the smooth airflow coming over the rounded screen. Kawasaki hasn't skimped on the details, offering dual tripmeters and four-way hazard flashers, along with full instrumentation including a coolant temp gauge on its well-finished panel.
Starting up even in some of the colder mornings requires only a bit of choke, with the engine accepting throttle almost instantly. Once you're underway, the light, agile handling combined with a very spirited motor make the Ninja 500 a joy to work with in the urban jungle of the city or the tightly swooping curves of a canyon road. The brakes offer more than adequate stopping power and feel, although the stock Bridgestone Excedras are somewhat budget-grade in the traction department. The updated chassis components inspire enough confidence for the rider to try more aggressive cornering maneuvers, but until premium rubber is fitted, those moves should be approached with some discretion. The ergonomics are plush, with a fairly flat, wide, well-padded seat and a wonderfully contoured semi-sport riding position combining to provide enough comfort to give the bike significant touring capabilities. Unfortunately, the mirrors are positioned too far away from the rider and are a bit too small, giving a narrow field of vision rearward. However, smart little touches abound, such as adjustable brake and clutch levers, dual tripmeters and retractable bungee cord hooks.
All of the various improvements to Kawasaki's budget bullet could not be achieved without a price: at $4399, the new Ninja 500 costs $700 more than its predecessor. But when you take into account that the Kawasaki delivers performance easily topping everything in its class (while basically sipping its fuel), and that the host of improvements have created an even more comfortable, capable and fun motorcycle that experienced riders as well as novice pilots can enjoy, then the song still remains the same: Kawasaki's new Ninja 500 is one of the best motorcycling deals around.
Suggested retail price: $4399
Engine type: Liquid-cooled, transverse, in-line 4-stroke twin
Bore x stroke: 74.0 x 58.0mm
Carburetion: 2, 34mm Keihin constant-velocity
Rake/trail: 27.0/3.6 in. (91mm)
Wheelbase: 56.5 in. (1435mm)
Fuel capacity: 4.8 gal (18L)
Wet weight: 437 lb (198kg)
Average fuel consumption: 48.5 mpg
Average touring range: 233 miles
Best 1/4-mile acceleration:* 12.98 sec., 99.0 mph
Measured top speed:* 118 mph
*Performance figures courtesy Motorcyclist Magazine
This article was originally published in the August 1994 issue of Sport Rider.